Climate Change
Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
Climate Change
Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Solid Waste Management

Solid Waste Management

A course curriculum for Indonesian professionals

 

PART 1 - The broad picture of Solid Waste Management

 

          INTRODUCTION

0.1.   Purpose of the course

0.2.   Scope of the course

0.3.   Objectives of the course

0.4.   Course organization & Study approach

         

          ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS

0.1.   Environmental and Climate

0.2.   Global Environmental Threats

0.3.   Regional Environmental Threads

0.4.   Local  Environmental Threads

        

          WASTE - ITS ORIGIN, ITS DESTINATION

1.1.   Waste – its origin

1.2.   Solid waste in relation to Environmental Threats – IPCC

1.3.   Waste – its destination

         

          CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM)

2.1.   Steps in a clean development mechanism project

2.2.   Investments in climate change project

2.3.   Principles of baseline studies and emission reductions

2.4.   Business Opportunities in Climate Change (potential projects, deforestation, etc.)

         

          INDONESIA’S POSITION, ROLE AND STRATEGY

3.1.   Obligations, Rights, Opportunities, Challenges

3.2.   National Strategy on Climate Change

3.3.   Adaptation and Mitigation program

3.4.   National Alternative Energy program

         

          ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TOOLS

4.1.   LCA: Environmental, financial, social impacts

4.2.   Design for environment

4.3.   Mass Flow Analysis at household, national and international level

4.4.   Overview and combining of assessment tools

 

          PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

 

          CASE STUDIES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

        

          DOMESTIC AND INDUSTRIAL WASTE

7.1.   Composition of waste/qualities+quantities of waste

7.2.   Domestic vs. industrial waste

7.3.   Toxic and hazardous waste

7.4.   Health care waste

7.5.   Organic waste – basis for CER’s ( agricultural, palm oil, food processing)

7.6.   Other types of waste (mining, nuclear, etc.)

 

          WASTE COLLECTION

8.1.   Separation at source

8.2.   Waste collection, transfer and transport

8.3.   Organization of waste collection

 

          WASTE PROCESSING

9.1.   Overview and objectives of waste processing techniques

9.2.   Waste sorting

9.3.   Composting

9.4.   Reuse and recycling

9.5.   Mechanical and Biological treatment

9.6.   Incineration

9.7.   Landfilling

 

          METHANE CAPTURING

10.1.Technical aspects

10.2.Operational aspects

10.3.Management aspects

 

          WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDONESIA

11.1.Present practices

11.2.Needs for improvements – challenges

11.3.Future waste management

 

          INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS

12.1.Policy on SWM

12.2.Legislative aspects

12.3.National and local legislation and regulations

12.4.Law Enforcement

 

          FINANCIAL/ECONOMIC ASPECTS

13.1.Costs of solid waste collection, sorting, processing

13.2.Benefits of managing solid waste

13.3.User fees and fee collection

13.4.Benefits of waste reduction & recycling

13.5.Job opportunities in SWM

 

         STAKEHOLDERS, SOCIAL CULTURE PUBLIC HEALTH ASPECTS

14.1.Stakeholders

14.2.Risk/Safety/Public Health aspects

14.3.Social/Cultural/Community aspects

14.4.Hand pickers/scavengers and gender issues

 

         CASE STUDIES AND GROUPWORK IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

 


 

PART 2 - Engineering aspects of Solid Waste Management

 

 

         Introduction

16.1.Purpose and Objectives of the course

16.2.Course organization – details of curriculum

16.3.General introduction into Landfills, key issues

16.4.Study guidelines

 

         PLANNING A LANDFILL

17.1.Waste Composition

17.2.Site selection

17.3.Groundwater

17.4.Slope/topography

17.5.Distance to settlements & public involvement

17.6.Impact assessment & pollution risk

17.7.Exercise: Planning a landfill

 

         DESIGNING A LANDFILL

18.1.Bottom construction and liners

18.2.Gas extraction

18.3.Biology of a landfill

18.4.Leachate production and collection

18.5.Covering

18.6.Redesigning a dumpsite into a sanitary landfill

18.7.Infrastructure around landfills

18.8.Exercise: Designing a landfill

 

         OPERATING AND MAINTAINING A LANDFILL

19.1.Management

19.2.Capacity building of the operators

19.3.Operational aspects

19.4.Leachate treatment

19.5.Landfill gas

19.6.Monitoring systems

19.7.Scavengers

19.8.Exercise: Monitoring bioactivity

 

         LANDFILL GAS

20.1.Landfill gas production

20.2.Prognosis of methane production

20.3.Extraction systems

20.4.Production monitoring

20.5.Flaring, electricity and heat generation

20.6.Exercise: Estimating gas extraction

 

          PRACTICAL WORK : SITE VISIT AND GAS MONITORING

 

          EXERCISE: MEASURING GAS EXTRACTION

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